I always felt inspired by the world of vegetation and my vision has always been to recreate the harmony, purity and elegance found in nature. This is reflected in everything I do on a daily basis; the way I prepare my fields, bottle my wines with my cellarman and label my best work such as my “vintages”. Labels made, with the art I paint on my land, during dawn, in the mornings.
PINOT NERO 1998
I have searched throughout my vines, for the most cold and ventilated corners, for a product that was the most demanding one
DENOMINATIONVenezia Giulia IGT
GRAPESObtained by hand-harvested, 100% Pinot Nero grapes.
VINEYARDCarefully selected overtime, the vineyard is located at 250 meters above sea level in a particularly cold area of the Carso Triestino; an area composed of red soil and limestone rock characterized by strong drainage. With a density of 7,500 plants per hectare, a yield of 700 gr per plant, and a single Guyot cultivation system, it has been the symbol of the winery’s indigenous research for over 20 years.
In the CellarA unique selection of grapes, that only in certain harvests will offer the right characteristics. Maceration occurs within 14 days ensuring contact with the grape skin. The wine is characterized by a 36 months aging process in oak barrels, followed by an assembly in steel tanks. Refinement and maturation, the decisive steps, both take place in bottles placed in an excavated natural cellar guaranteeing a constant temperature of 12 degrees Celsius. This recreates the same conditions of humidity, temperature and cleanliness of the Karst caverns. Bottling is carried out without filtration.
VINTAGEThe 1998 vintage, from a meteorological point of view, was characterized by a very wet April which caused a slight delay in the budding process. A hot summer with regular rainfalls contributed to a favorable ripening of the grapes. The sudden changes in temperature recorded during the month of September, enhanced the aromas of the fruits.
SCENTAn international wine which on this occasion becomes a real and proper expression of its territory: the Karst. An elegant scent of fresh berries, wild strawberries, red fruits, with a hint of plum and fresh violet. Black pepper, graphite and slight hint of coffee powder.
FLAVORWhen tasting, it reveals itself fresh and elegant with hints of wild berries, aromatic herbs, and roasts with distinct characteristics of minerality and balsamic notes found also during the closing phase.
TECHNICAL DETAILSAlcoholic content: 12% vol
Total Acidity: 6 g/l
Bottle Sizes: 0.75L
Bottles produced: 1000
Serving Temperature: 14°C
The annual rainfall is normally between 1000mm, in the southernmost area, and 1400mm, in the northernmost area. There is a distinct gradient from south-east to north-west; while along the coastal side the annual rainfall is even lower at around 850mm.
Precipitation reaches its maximum levels towards the last quarter of the year mainly October, November and December. Rainfalls begin to decrease around the months of February and March, but it does not affect much the development phase at the time of budding, as the vines have had sufficient pluvial exposition. The lowest levels of precipitation are recorded during the summer months of July and August.
The tectonic forces, which gave rise to the anticline, have brought to the surface thick limestones, rich in fossils deposited in the sea. These characterize both the Karst plateau but also the vast coastal areas facing the Adriatic Sea where you can find limited zones with deposits of “flysch”, a natural arenacela marl clay.
The fragments, from the removal of limestone substrate carried by the wind, creates thin layers of what is called “Karst red soil”. Deeper deposits of these soils can be found only in the “dolins”; a land recess in the form of a funnel, which can exceed 1m depth and from which fertile soil is drawn.
A fundamental characteristic of the “red soil” is the extraordinary richness of colloidal particles, the elevated clay content and scarce sand presence. There is a big difference between the red soil of the Karst and the other red solids found around the world. The first contains an elevated amount of siliceous skeleton; a significant quantity of rock formed with silica grains, which are absent in most other existing red soils. The peculiarity of this soil is characterized by the permeability of it; where the water seeps into the caves, wells, tunnels and where the insoluble parts are intended to be the red soil of the Karst.
The Karst, often resembles a large door, through which a cold, dry continental wind, the “Bora”, enters from the North-East. This wind blows from the direction of the continent towards the sea, lowering the temperature of the air and creating strong thermal variations. This significantly affects the agricultural surroundings by increasing the dry state of the land, and during better seasons helps reduce air humidity that will give benefit to the vines well-being.
The proximity of the sea can be noticeable in the Karst with the appearance of the “Mornik” a term given by local inhabitants to the warm wind from the South-West. This wind brings large amounts of moisture to the territory.